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1.NAME OF THE DISTRICT: NIZAMABAD, ANDHRA PRADESH
2.Geographical Area 7,956 Sq. Kms.
a) No. of Revenue Divisions 3
b) No. of Mandals 36
c) Total No. of Villages 922
d) Un-inhabited Villages 61
e) Total No. of Gram Panchayath 719
f) Municipal Corporation Nizamabad
g) Municipalities 1. Bodhan 2.Kamareddy

NIZAMABAD DIVISION
BODHAN DIVISION
KAMAREDDY DIVISION
1. Nizamabad 1. Bodhan 1. Kamareddy
2. Armoor 2. Banswada 2. Bhiknoor
3. Balkonda 3. Bichkunda 3. Domakonda
4. Bheemgal 4. Birkoor 4. Gandhari
5. Dharpally 5. Jukkal 5. Lingampet
6. Dichpally 6. Kotagir 6. Machareddy
7. Jakranpally 7. Madnoor 7. Nagireddypet
8. Kammarpally 8. Nizamsagar 8. Sadasivnagar
9. Makloor 9. Pitlam 9. Tadwai
10. Morthad 10. Renjal 10.Yellareddy
11. Nandipet 11. Varni  
12. Navipet 12. Yedapally  
13. Sirikonda    
14. Vailpoor    

RAINFALL (in m.m.)
  Normal Actual
1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 up to Dec
Year 1036.0 966.7 1060.5 878.3 655.6 872.2 766.0 441.8
Up to end of December 984.0 922.3 999.7 809.4 617.7 793.7 556.0 1052.5

There is a continuous deficit in rainfall during the last four years resulting in drought and other related problems. The drought is acute during 2002-03. There is drastic increase in area under current follows, indicating rural agriculture economics crises.


Land use pattern and agriculture (in lakh ha)
a) Geographical area 8.06
b) Forest 1.69
c) Barren and uncultivable 0.49
d) Land put to non agricultural uses 0.83
e) Cultivatable waste 0.17
f) Permanent Pastures 0.26
g) Miscellaneous tree crops etc 0.04
h) Current fallow 1.77
i) Other fallow 0.76
j) Net sown area: 2.05
k) Gross cropped area 3.01
l) Area sown more than once 0.95

LAND HOLDING PATTERN
SIZE No. of Holdings AREA (in ha.)
a) Below 1 ha: 2,68,844 (66.40%) 1,19,597 (29.19%)
b) 1 to 2 ha: 91,003 (22.48%) 1,26,611 (30.89%)
c) More than 2 ha: 45,058 (11.12%) 1,63,606 (39.92%)
TOTAL: 4,04,905 (100.0%) 4,09,814 (100.0%)

The above table shows that 89% farmers in the district are small and marginal farmers and possessing 60% of the land. Where as, 11% of the big farmers are possessing 40% of the land.

 

PRODUCTIVITY OF CROPS

The productivity of Rice and Jowar is increased when compared to State average. It is observed that the comparison of the productivity for the last five years is fluctuating due to un-favorable seasonal condition.


TABLE: PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR CROPS IN NIZAMABAD DISTRICT 2001-02 TO 2004-05 (fin. KG/ha) (STATE Average)
Crop 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 State Average
K R K R K R K R K R K R
RICE 2484 2691 1559 2296 4757 4320 3526 3733 5240 - 2428 2652
MAIZE 3934 5849 3351 2385 3331 3174 5435 1953 5977 - 3567 3604
JOWAR 750 1391 767 1796 730 1575 526 1142 974 - 1032 1098
G.GRAM 222 305 674 255 520 390 375 NA 247 - 222 305
B.GRAM 237 170 833 231 668 410 331 NA 330 - 237 170
TURMERIC 4934 - 4500 - 5000 - 4200 - - - 4935 -
SUGARCANE (GUR) 82306 - 51351 - 85909 - 75871 - - - 7907 -
Soya bean             2000 1784        

IRRIGATION
Area in Hectares
Sl. No. Source of Irrigation 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 (Kharif Only)
1 Canals 25537 8099 12514 8693
2. Tanks 19609 7098 10086 18553
3. Tube Wells & Filter points 204656 182414 157640 120182
4. Other Wells 12156 8009 5522 5370
5. Lift Irrigation 6026 2941 3149 4172
6. Other Sources 70 0 446 0
7. Net Area Irrigation 250225 207647 124503 146295
8. Gross Area irrigated 268053 208561 189358 156970
9. Area irrigated more than once 100085 72476 64855 10675

It is observed from the above table, that the irrigation under various sources is decreased due to inadequate rainfall received. This shows the agriculture in the district is mostly depends up on rainfall. Action plans are prepared for drought proofing the district to avoid violent fluctuation to rural economy.


ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: (As per livestock census 2003-04)
Cattle - 3,15,789
Buffaloes - 3,33,989
Sheep - 7,83,967
Goat - 2,35,715
Pigs - 13,314
Poultry - 12,56,962

POPULATION ( 2001 Census) ( in lakhs)
Total Population : 23.46  
Male : 11.63  
Female : 11.83  
Sex Ratio per 1000 male persons : 1016  
Population density per Sq. Km : 294  
Urban Population : 4.24  
Rural Population : 19.21  
Decadal Population Growth rate : 15.00 STATE 13.86

The decadal population growth rate is higher than the State average.

LITRACY IN NIZAMABAD DISTRICT
District Average upto 2005: 60.78% State Average : 61.55%
Male : 64.00% Male : 70.85%
Female: 57.44% Female : 51.17%

The literacy rate of the district is lower than the State average. "Akshara Bharathi Programme" is being conducted to cover the remaining Illiterates.


CLASSIFICATION OF WORKERS (2001 Census)
    (Figures in lakh)
Total main workers : 9.72
Marginal workers : 1.88
Total workers (main + marginal) : 11.60
Non-workers : 11.86
Total cultivators : 3.05
Agriculture labour : 3.44
House-hold industries : 1.67
Other workers : 3.33

Most of the Workers are engaged in Agricultural Activity

11. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS IN THE DISTRICT :

a. Road Connectivity :
National High Way7 (Hyderabad. to Nagpur) - 114 Kms  
National High Way 16 - 55 Kms  
State High Way - 246 Kms  
Major District roads - 615 Kms  
Z.P.taken over Roads by R&B - 1093 Kms  
P.R. Roads - 2304 Kms  
Total 4427 Kms  

b. Rail Connectivity Railway connection from Nizamabad to Hyderabad, Nizamabad to Bombay are available
c. APSRTC 566 Buses Run per day. Bus facility is available for all the Revenue Villages.
d. Telephone Connectivity Telephone connections provided to all the mandals. Telephone Connections 86,838.

12. WATER RESOURCES:
( Area in Ha.)
Sl. No. Major/ Medium Projects Command Area Actual Area Irrigation (Gross)
2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
1. Nizamsagar 93620 26681 Nil 64750 Nil Nil
2. Sriram Sagar 11304 3217 4450 5702 NA 5013
3. Pocharam 6977 2695 Nil 2833 1821 3000
4. Ramadugu 2023 628 Nil Nil Nil Nil
5. Nallavagu 654 178 152 167 NA -
6. Koulasnala 3645 1451 1675 3237 2630 680

13. Cropping Pattern:

In Nizamabad District Paddy, Sugarcane, Maize. Jower, Cotton and Pulses are grown predominantly. Turmeric is also one of the important crop in the District.

Crop wise Area shown during the last (3) years are as below.

Sl. No Name of the Crop Area shown during the year (In Hectors)
2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2004-05
Kharif (Rabi) expected area
1. Rice 158172 107531 91370 73395 98831 43000
2. Sugarcanee 39882 36020 28331 28817 12500
3. Maize 52639 48463 54755 50309 54982 5600
4. Jower 26078 27378 22741 25425 2204 18280
5. Green gram 14796 14460 16091 17919 14262 92
6. Black gram 18018 18001 16574 18399 13844 213
7. Turmeric 10317 9954 9568 8760 11079 --
8. Cotton 16931 8646 8588 13053 13279 --
9. Soyabean 322 520 3040 12265 14175 --
10. Sunflower 3159 5755 13321 33353 987 30000

14. EDUCATION


Various education facilities available in the district are given below.

1. P.G.Colleges 2
2. Engineering 5
3. Medical College 1
4. Degree Colleges 23
5. Junior Colleges 77
6. MBA Colleges 3
7. MCA Colleges 3
8. High Schools 417
9. Upper Primary High Schools 618
10. Primary Schools 1747
11. Teacher Training Colleges 1
12. Polytechnic Colleges (Govt.) 2
13. Industrial Training Institutions 10
14. B.Ed.Colleges 7
15. Nursing Training Schools 11

No. of Teachers
Primary Schools - 4632
Upper Primary Schools - 4428
High Schools - 4617
Total ==> 13667


15. INDUSTRIES

Name of the industry Line of Activity Unit Production, 2003-04 Employment
Nizam Deccan Sugar Factory, Bodhan Sugar MTs 32399.8 1600
Nizam Co.op.Sugar Factory,Sarangapoor. Sugar MTs Presently not working 491
NCS Gayathri Sugars Ltd. Adlooryellareddy SSNagar(M) Sugar MTs 15182 610
Sukhjith Starch Mill, Mubarak nagar, Nzb. Maize starch, MTs 14590 297
Liquid Glucose MTs 5563.61
Feno Fibers, Thanakalan, Yedpally (M) Yarn Tonnes Presently closed due to marketing problems 115
Vajra Granite, Baswapoor. Polished Granite slabs Sq. Mts 53081.6 40
Nizamabad Corn product, Sarangapoor Maize Atta Rawwa MTs 11172 40
A.B.K.publications (Vartha News Paper) Nizamabad News Paper Nos 1382392 60
Ushodaya Publications News Paper Nos. 12670000 (during 2004-05) 48
Indur Green Power Home Pvt. Ltd, Renjal Power Generation M.Watts 560 58
Nizambad Agro Pvt. Ltd, Khanapoor(v), Nzb. Rice Milling Tonnes 7220 40


PHONE NOs OF VIPs & Non-officials

Name of the industry Line of Activity Unit Production, 2003-04 Employment
Nizam Deccan Sugar Factory, Bodhan Sugar MTs 32399.8 1600
Nizam Co.op.Sugar Factory,Sarangapoor. Sugar MTs Presently not working 491
NCS Gayathri Sugars Ltd. Adlooryellareddy SSNagar(M) Sugar MTs 15182 610
Sukhjith Starch Mill, Mubarak nagar, Nzb. Maize starch, MTs 14590 297
Liquid Glucose MTs 5563.61
Feno Fibers, Thanakalan, Yedpally (M) Yarn Tonnes Presently closed due to marketing problems 115
Vajra Granite, Baswapoor. Polished Granite slabs Sq. Mts 53081.6 40
Nizamabad Corn product, Sarangapoor Maize Atta Rawwa MTs 11172 40
A.B.K.publications (Vartha News Paper) Nizamabad News Paper Nos 1382392 60
Ushodaya Publications News Paper Nos. 12670000 (during 2004-05) 48
Indur Green Power Home Pvt. Ltd, Renjal Power Generation M.Watts 560 58
Nizambad Agro Pvt. Ltd, Khanapoor(v), Nzb. Rice Milling Tonnes 7220 40