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The historic decision for formation of Andhra Pradesh was announced by the Prime Minister Pandit Nehru on 5th March 1956 in Nizamabad when he came here to inaugurate Bharat Sevak Samaj Conference. It was in this conference that Pandit Nehru announced Government decision to form Andhra Pradesh by the merger of Telangana Region in Andhra State;……

He, however, clarified that he knew the sentiments of Telangana people for a separate state so he warned Andhra People that if they fail to gain the confidence of Telangana people then it was always open for the people of Telangana to seek separation like in a marriage. But his sane advice was not followed by Andhra Rulers in implementing the safeguards given in 1956 to Telangana People.

Brief History of Nizamabad

By: M. Narayan Reddy,
Ex-M.P.,

Introduction:
Nizamabad had a chequered history as many Dynasities ruled this region commencing from Mauryan Empire under Asoka the great and ending with Asaf Jahi Rule in 1948. It derived its present name ‘Nizamabad’ from the name of Nizam VI, whose dynasity ruled Hyderabad for 224 years. Originally it was called INDUR after the name of INDRA-III, a Rashtrakuta King who ruled this region in 914 AD. The then INDUR was known as a kingdom with Bodhan as its capital for many centuries. It was only during 1876 Nizamabad became a separate district when the districts in Hyderabad State were reorganized by Salar Jung-I, the then prime minister. At that time the district was known as INDUR which was later changed to Nizamabad in 1905 after the name of 6th Nizam the then Ruler of Hyderabad State.

Prior to 1956 Nizamabad was one of the 16 districts of Hyderabad State, which was then the biggest princely state in India. The state consisted of 3 regions known as Marathwada, Karnataka and Telangana. The Hyderabad State was under the autocratic rule of Asaf Jahi dynasity for 224 years from 1724 to 1948. In September 1948 Hyderabad was integrated into Indian union. This shows that people of Nizamabad remained the subjects of Hyderabad Kingdom till 17th Sept. 1948 when they achieved freedom 13 months after India attained its Independence in August 1947. During this long period Nizamabad was under the Muslims Rulers who introduced FARSI and URDU as official languages as well as medium of instruction at school level. As a result local people were deprived of learning Telugu and English. So the literacy in the district in those days can well be imagined.

The geographical area of this district is only 7956 sq. km constituting 3 percent of the state. It is one of the smallest districts in Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the following neighboring areas: -

a) North by Adilabad district.
b) East by Karimnagar district.
c) South by Medak district.
d) West by Nanded district of Maharashtra & Bidar district of Karnataka.

Administrative Divisions:

The district has 3 Revenue divisions and 36 Revenue Mandals and 923 villages spread over in 9 Assembly constituencies. It is also has a Zilla Parishad established in 1959 and 36 Mandal Parishads which replaced 9 Panchayat Samithies it has 729 Gram Panchayats .In 1985 the reorganization of Panchayatraj institutions in 1985 has brought local bodies nearer to villages and also contributed to the development of Rural leadership particularly among women and backward classes.

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POCHAMPAD DAM

Pocharam reservoir is located on Hyderabad-Nizamsagar road. This was constructed on the river Aler the dam site is considered to be beautiful picnic spot attracting many visitors from Hyderabad.


SIDDULAM GUTTA - ARMOOR

Pochampad project is constructed at Pochampad Village on the River Godhavari. This is also a place of Tourist interest.

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ALISAGAR:

Alisagar Reservoir is situated at a distance of 13Km from Nizamabad which is another important picnic spot, close to Nizamabad. A beautiful garden raised here attract picnickers from Nizamabad.

Nizamabad Fort was developed on an original temple of Ram Mandir constructed by Raghunath Das, who had also constructed a big tank which,

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is the main water source for Nizamabad town till today. Later the temple was developed into a fort. Alisagar is the beautiful garden developed by Nizam of Hyderabad. This is under the control of Irrigation Department as the Garden is under the bund of Alisagar Tank maintained by Irrigation Department. The Garden is in (33) acres with fountains and has lot of flowers, Deer Park, Tree House. The Garden is very poorly maintained due to insufficient funds and non-

availability of technical no-how in garden maintenance. There is an island inside the Alisagar lake. Boating facility in the tank has been introduced recently. About 1000 to 2000 people visit the Alisagar garden on Sundays. Alisagar is situated about (10) K.Ms. away from the Nizamabad town and (2) K.Ms. from Nizamabad-Basar route. There is tremendous potential for religious, amusement and eco-tourism here.

(Requirement : Export opinion from Horticulrists, Land scaping Specialists and Amusement Park exports).

There is a Old Guest House over looking the lake these to be improved.

NIZAMSAGAR
There is a beautiful garden under Nizamsagar Project. This is in the Sangareddy - Nanded - Akola Road about (150) K.Ms. from Hyderabad. There is a garden, swimming pool and Guest Houses are all in poor maintenance. During rainy season many people visit from Karnataka, Maharashtra and neighboring districts like Medak, Karimnagar and Hyderabad. Boating facility has been introduced.

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YEMCHA
Yemcha village in Nizamabad district is just (4) K.Ms. from Basar temple on the Bank of Godavari. It is on the road side of Hyderabad - Basar route. There is a big Drinking Water Scheme constructed under the centrally sponsored Water Supply scheme provide drinking water to (77) villages. There is a summer storage tank storing water from Godavari.

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NIZAMABAD FORT:
There is a Jagannath Temple at Quilla (port) on the south-west corner of Nizamabad town. This port is said to be built by Rashtraputha kings in the 10th Centaury. At top the Quilla at about 300' height there is a Rama temple built by Ramdas Mantra of Chatrapathi Sivaji. This is the huge temple with Corridors, Muntaps, Mahamuntaps and large Kalyana Mandapam of about 2000 sq,feet. Area.

The Rama temple can be develop as a place of religious importance. TTD has been requested to help under Annamacharya project. The Collector has also taken the Executive Officer, TTD for inspection of site on 5.7.2001. The temple has been renovated recently, the stair case to Garba Gudi has been constructed. The temple is adjoining the Jail which is presently host in the port. The temple is under management of local committee and should be handed over to Endowment Department for further Development.

2) The waste expense place below the port can be develop into a beautiful garden. An open air auditorium can be constructed for cultural performances, Musical fountains can be established drawing water from nearby Raghunath Tank. The port can be eliminated using focus lights, from the hill very beautiful view of Nizamabad town and hence view point can be developed.



SARAGANPUR TEMPLE:
Sarangapur is temple is located (7) K.Ms. from North-East of Nizamabad town abating Alisagar. There is a Hanuman temple located on a hill top. These temple is constructed by Ramdas. This temple as 1400 acres of land. There is a tremendous scope for develop site on hillock along with Alisagar Project. (10) acres of land on Hillock is being developed into a garden. Thereis (33) acres of land available near Sarangapur that can be developed into Eco-tourism by providing slab trails for walking.

MALLARAM :
Mallaram forest is located (7) K.Ms. of South-West Nizamabad town. In the forest there is very suitable to develop for Eco-tourism. There is small hillock on which hut is being built. I have requested Conservator of Forest to provide Wooden / Cement benches near the click over looking the Mallaram cheruvu. He has been asked to make railings, statues of wild animals and trail through the forest for hiking. I also requested him to develop a small crocodile form / Deer park.

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temple


VII. TILAK GARDEN in Nizamabad town:

This is a park of ( ) area not being maintained properly. Suggestions of Horticulturists required.

VIII. PHULONG BRIDGE: